Constitution of the Reform Party of the USA

Adopted November 2, 1997 at the Reform Party Founding Convention, Kansas City, Missouri
Amended: October 11, 1998 (Atlanta), July 23, 1999 (Dearborn) and August 12, 2000 (Long Beach)

ARTICLE I Name

The name of this Party shall be the Reform Party of the United States of America.

ARTICLE II Object

The Object of the Reform Party shall be to:

    1. Establish and operate as a major national political party composed of affiliated State Party Organizations from each state;
    2. Nominate and endorse candidates for President of the United States and for Vice President of the United States;
    3. Assist in the election of such candidates;
    4. Assist State Party Organizations in the election of their candidates and voter education;
    5. Develop and promote the enactment of legislation and policies consistent with the Reform Party Principles;

ARTICLE III National Convention

Section 1. There shall be a National Convention. The first session of the National Convention shall be designated as “The Inaugural National Convention of the Reform Party of the United States of America” and shall be further designated by the date or dates of such session, and by the location of such session. Each subsequent session of the National Convention shall be similarly titled and designated, except that such session shall be consecutively enumerated.

Section 2. The National Convention shall be responsible for the governance of the Reform Party, and for providing for the fulfillment of the Object of the Reform Party.

Section 3. The National Convention shall be composed of the following Delegates:

    1. The Executive Committee
    2. Three Statewide Delegates from each State Party Organization
    3. One Delegate from each U.S. Congressional District.

Section 4. Qualifications for a person to be eligible to be a Delegate shall be such that each Delegate shall:

    1. be a member of their State Party Organization and a resident of the U.S. Congressional District and/or state for which he or she is a Delegate.
    2. be elected as provided in the Rules of their State Party Organization.
    3. not be required to pay a personal assessment or fee as a condition of serving as a Delegate.
    4. be pre-registered with the Executive Committee and signed-up and registered with the Credentials Committee upon arrival at the Convention site. No person shall be deemed to be a Delegate, who is not so registered.

Section 5. State Party Organization rules pertaining to Delegate qualifications, eligibility, election or appointment, term of office, conditions of continuing service, removal from office, vacancies, duties, powers, subjection, participation, and voting rights, shall be observed; unless such rules are in conflict with this Constitution, or other provisions adopted pursuant to provisions of this Constitution; including the provisions of the Bylaws, the Resolutions and actions of the National Convention, and such provisions as may be specified in the Standing Rules of the National Convention.

    1. In the event such State Party Organization rules do not so pertain, a State Party Organization shall carry out such measures as may be required by: the National Convention, the proper directives of the National Committee, the proper directives of the Executive Committee, and such as may be provided in the Bylaws.
    2. In the event such State Party Organization rules do so conflict, a State Party Organization shall carry out such measures as may be required by the National Convention, the proper directives of the National Committee, the proper directives of the Executive Committee, and such as may be provided in the Bylaws.

Section 6. Affirmative support of the Reform Party Object, the Reform Party endorsed candidates for President and Vice President of the United States and the Reform Party Statement of Principles shall be a condition of continuing service as a Delegate.

Section 7. The removal of a Delegate shall be such that:

    1. Any Delegate may be removed by three-quarters vote of the registered Delegates of the National Convention. The seat of a Delegate so removed shall automatically and immediately become vacant upon such removal.
    2. Any Delegate may be removed in accordance with the Rules of the applicable State Party Organization, except for a person who is a Delegate as a result of being an Elected National Party Officer.

Section 8. Each State Party Organization may send Alternate Delegates in accordance with their State Party Organization Rules. Each Alternate Delegate must meet all the qualifications of a Delegate, shall reside in the same political district as the Delegate they replace, and shall have no voting rights until re-registered as a Delegate.

Section 9. The National Convention shall:

    1. be the supreme governing body of the Reform Party at the national level, subject only to the provisions of this Constitution and the provisions of the Bylaws.
    2. have all power and authority over the affairs of the Reform Party, subject only to the provisions of this Constitution and to the provisions of the Bylaws.
    3. have the exclusive power to grant Official Recognition to State Party Organizations. Official Recognition of a State Party Organization shall be granted by majority vote of the registered Delegates.
    4. receive reports from the National Officers and Committees.
    5. adopt a national Reform Party platform by two-thirds vote of the registered Delegates.
    6. adopt a national Statement of Principles by two-thirds vote of the registered Delegates. This same requirement shall apply to amendments, additions or revisions to the Statement of Principles.
    7. in appropriate years, provide rules and procedures for the nomination and endorsement of candidates for the office of President and Vice President of the United States, or no endorsement, such procedures shall, to the extent possible, provide for the popular selection by Reform Party members.
    8. act upon such other matters as the National Convention deems appropriate, subject to the provisions of this Constitution and the provisions of the Bylaws.

Section 10. Sessions of the National Convention shall be such that:

 

  • Previous notice of each session of the National Convention shall be given in writing, by means of a Call to National Convention. Such a Call to National Convention shall:
  • be mailed to each affiliated State Party Organization Chair and all known elected Delegates and Alternates, not more than ninety days and not less than thirty five days, prior to the date of the first scheduled business meeting of the session being called,
  • specify the date, hour, place and proposed agenda of the meeting,
  • contain other such information as is provided in this Constitution, and such as may be provided in the Bylaws.
  • The quorum of a session of the National Convention shall be the majority of all registered Delegates.
  • The National Convention shall be called into session once each calendar year. Such session shall be scheduled and arranged, and a Call to National Convention shall be properly issued by the National Party Chair, upon two-thirds vote of the Executive Committee or majority vote of the National Committee, except in a case of emergency.
  • Emergency Convention
  • A case of emergency shall be deemed to exist upon such being officially declared by two-thirds vote of the Executive Committee or by majority vote of the National Committee. In case of an emergency, a National Convention shall be scheduled and arranged, and the National Secretary shall properly issue a Call to National Convention.
  • An official declaration of emergency shall in no way remove, alter, or have precedence over any of the provisions of this Constitution, or the provisions of the Bylaws.
  • The determination, allocation, exercise and tally of Delegate votes shall be such that:
  • Only Delegates who have been properly registered and are in attendance at the time of the vote shall be eligible to vote. There shall be no proxy voting.
  • No person shall hold more than one Delegate seat.
  • Each Delegate shall have one and only one vote.
  • No Delegate shall be required to cast a vote contrary to his or her preference.

 

Section 11. Each Delegate shall report to the State Party Organization of which he or she is a member. The National Convention shall provide that the minutes and Resolutions of the National Convention be recorded in writing, be properly filed with Reform Party Executive Committee, be distributed to the Chairperson of each State Party Organization and be made available to the public.

ARTICLE IV National Committee

Section 1. The National Committee shall be responsible for the conducting of the business and affairs of the Reform Party between sessions of the National Convention. Such responsibilities shall include:

    1. providing a procedure for the nomination of Reform Party National Officers.
    2. the temporary filling of National Officer vacancies,
    3. providing for the clear interpretation, proper application, and continuing pertinence of the Bylaws, and for the continuing integrity of the Bylaws with this Constitution and the Statement of Principles of the Reform Party,
    4. formulating and promoting statements of public policy, which are consistent with the Reform Party Statement of Principles,
    5. providing for the raising, budgeting, disbursing and accounting of the monies for the operation of the Reform Party in amounts sufficient to fulfill the Party Object, including setting the dollar amount and payment frequency of any dues, fees and assessments to be paid to the National Party by State Party Organizations.
    6. providing for ongoing Reform Party public relations and voter education,
    7. providing for the keeping, filing and archival storage of the official books, records and lists of the Reform Party,
    8. assisting state Reform Party Organizations in the building of their State Party Organizations, election of their endorsed candidates and member education, and
    9. all other actions appropriate or necessary to carry out the provisions of this Constitution and the Bylaws and carry on the successful operation of the Reform Party.

Section 2. The National Committee shall be composed of:

    1. the Executive Committee,
    2. three statewide Delegates from each State Party Organization

Section 3. Affirmative support of the Reform Party Object, the Reform Party endorsed candidates for President and Vice President of the United States and the Reform Party Statement of Principles shall be a condition of continuing membership on the National Committee.

Section 4. A National Committee Member shall be subject to the provisions of this Constitution and the Rules of their State Party Organization except where the State Party Organization rules conflict with this Constitution or state election laws. The State Chair shall be responsible for registering the State Party Organization’s National Committee Members with the Executive Committee.

Section 5. Each National Committee Member shall have the duty to serve on at least one Reform Party Standing Committee or Special Committee.

Section 6. The National Committee shall meet one or more times in each calendar year. A National Committee meeting shall be called by the National Chairperson or by action of one-fourth of all National Committee members. The National Committee may conduct a vote by mail on matters pertaining to the election and/or nominating of officers, the election of committee members, the filling of vacancies, the activation and dismissal of Special Committees, the issuance of a Call to Convention, the approval or amendment of the Reform Party budget and the amendment of the Bylaws.

Section 7. A quorum of the National Committee shall be a majority of the registered National Committee Members.

Section 8. The National Committee shall report to the National Convention.

Section 9. National Committee Members shall be elected, not appointed, democratically by their respective State membership at State Conventions, caucuses or whatever democratic process is available, provided that such elections are in compliance with and do not violate State Election laws.

ARTICLE V Executive Committee

Section 1. The Executive Committee shall be responsible for the conducting of the day to day business and affairs of the Reform Party, between meetings of the National Committee. The responsibilities of the Executive Committee shall include:

    1. coordinating the efforts of the Standing Committees and the Special Committees so as to maximize efficiency, maximize resources, maximize effect and fulfill the object of the Reform Party.
    2. providing for such organizational, administrative and financial support as the National Convention may require for its organization and operation,
    3. providing for such organizational, administrative and financial resources as may be required to fulfill the Object of the Reform Party,
    4. all actions appropriate or necessary to carry out the provisions of this Constitution, the Bylaws, the proper directives of the National Committee and the Resolutions and proper actions of the National Convention, and
    5. all actions appropriate or necessary to carry on the successful operation of the Reform Party.

Section 2. The Executive Committee shall be composed of the Reform Party USA Officers and seven regional representatives elected by the National Committee.

Section 3. Regional Representatives to the Executive Committee shall be elected by the National Committee at the first meeting of the National Committee held in odd numbered years and shall serve for two years.

Section 4. All Regional Representatives will be elected at meetings of the National Committee. Committee representatives from the states within the regions will caucus to elect one representative from each region. The regions are defined as:

    1. Midwest Region – Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota
    2. New England Region – Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont
    3. Northeast Region – Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington D.C., West Virginia
    4. Northwest Region – Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming
    5. Pacific Region – Alaska, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington
    6. Southeast Region – Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee
    7. Southwest Region – Arizona, Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas

Section 5. The duties of each Regional Representative shall be:

    1. Be a Member of the Executive Committee;
    2. Be a conduit for informational flow between the State Party organizations in the respective Region and the Executive Committee;
    3. Provide all organizational help possible and practical to the State Party organizations in the respective Region when requested;
    4. Compile a list of qualified candidates for Committee Chairmen who have the ability, experience and knowledge for each Committee, for use by the National Chairman in making appointments.
    5. Compile a list of any special talents that have been identified within the state parties for potential service to the national party committee.

Section 6. A Regional Representative may be removed by a two-thirds vote of the registered Members of the National Committee in that particular Region.

Section 7. In the event of a vacancy in the position of Regional Representative, such vacancy shall be filled by a simple majority vote of the registered Members of the National Committee in that particular Region.

Section 8. The duties of the Executive Committee shall include:

    1. maintaining and providing Delegate lists and National Committee Member lists,
    2. maintaining and keeping all national books, records and lists of the Reform Party,
    3. taking those actions appropriate and necessary to carry out the provisions of this Constitution, the Bylaws, and the proper directives of the National Committee and the National Convention, and
    4. taking those actions appropriate or necessary to carry on the successful operation of the Reform Party.

Section 9. The Executive Committee shall meet as necessary to conduct the required business of the National Party. Executive Committee meetings may be called upon action of the National Party Chair or upon action of any three Executive Committee Members. The Executive Committee may conduct a vote by mail.

Section 10. Affirmative support of the Reform Party Object, the Reform Party endorsed candidates for President and Vice President of the United States, the Reform Party national platform and the Reform Party Statement of Principles shall be a condition of continuing service on the Executive Committee.

Section 11. A quorum of the Executive Committee shall be a majority of the Executive Committee Members.

ARTICLE VI Standing Committee General Provisions

Section 1. There shall be six Standing Committees of the National Committee. The six Standing Committees: Rules, Issues, Party Building, Finance, Public Relations and Communications.

Section 2. The responsibilities of each Standing Committee shall be:

    1. Rules

The Rules Committee shall be responsible for: developing and proposing amendments to this Constitution; developing and proposing bylaws and other procedural rules, including amendments thereto, for the conduct of the national party; working with various State Party Organizations in development and adoption of their state party rules; other such duties as the Executive Committee may assign.

    1. Issues

The Issues Committee shall be responsible for: reviewing, developing and proposing platform and policy for adoption by the National Convention; developing and proposing amendments to the national party Statement of Principles; developing and implementing plans to educate voters regarding various issues; other such duties as the Executive Committee may assign.

    1. Party Building

The Party Building Committee shall be responsible for: developing and implementing strategies to build and maintain the party as a major national political party; working with the various State Party Organizations to build and maintain the party as a major political party within each state; other such duties as the Executive Committee may assign.

    1. Finance

The Finance Committee shall be responsible for: fundraising at the national level; developing and implementing budgets for national party operations; assisting the National Treasurer in the performance of assign duties; advising the various State Party Organizations regarding fundraising and other financial issues; other such duties as the Executive Committee may assign.

    1. Public Relations

The Public Relations Committee shall be responsible for: developing and implementing strategies for interfacing with the media and the public; developing media contacts nationwide; other such duties as the Executive Committee may assign.

    1. Communications

The Communications Committee shall be responsible for: developing and implementing plans to keep party members informed on various public and internal party issues; developing internal party communications links between the various committees and various State Party Organizations; other such duties as the Executive Committee may assign.

Section 3. Each Standing Committee Chair shall be nominated by the National Chairperson and confirmed by majority vote of the Executive Committee. No person shall simultaneously hold more than one of the following positions: Standing Committee Chair, Standing Committee Vice Chair or National Officer. Standing Committee Chairs shall be subject to those provisions of this Constitution that apply to National Officers. .

Section 4. Affirmative support of the Reform Party Object, the Reform Party endorsed candidates for President and Vice President of the United States and the Reform Party Statement of Principles shall be a condition of continuing service on a Standing Committee.

Section 5. The members and any additional officers of each standing committee shall be appointed by the Chairperson of such Standing Committee. No more than one-fourth of the Members of a Standing Committee shall be members of the same State Party Organization.

Section 6. Each Standing Committee shall be subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the provisions of the Bylaws, the proper directives of the Executive Committee, the proper directives of the National Committee and the Resolutions and proper actions of the National Convention.

Section 7. Each Standing Committee shall meet as necessary to conduct the required business of their Standing Committee. Standing Committee meetings may be called upon action of the Standing Committee Chair or upon action of one-fourth of the Standing Committee Members. Standing Committees may conduct business by mail, teleconference or other electronic media. Each Standing Committee may adopt such rules of operation as the Standing Committee Members deem necessary to conduct Committee business.

Section 8. Each Standing Committee shall report to the Executive Committee. Each Standing Committee shall also report to the National Committee and to the National Convention.

ARTICLE VII Special Committees and Sub-Committees

Section 1. Special Committees and Sub-Committees

    1. Special Committees may be established for specific purposes by action of the National Party Chair or by majority vote of the Executive Committee, National Committee or National Convention. The Chair of any Special Committee shall be appointed by the National Party Chair. Special Committees exist at the pleasure of the National Party Chair.
    2. Sub-Committees to any existing Committee may be established for specific purposes by action of the parent Committee Chair. The Chair of any Sub-Committee shall be appointed by the parent Committee Chair. Sub-Committees exist at the pleasure of the parent Committee Chair.
    3. The Members and any additional Officers of each Special Committee or Sub-Committee shall be appointed by the Chairperson of such Special Committee or Sub-Committee

Section 2. The responsibilities of each Special Committee or Sub-Committee shall be stated when establishing the Special Committee or Sub-Committee.

Section 3. Affirmative support of the Reform Party Object, the Reform Party endorsed candidates for President and Vice President of the United States and the Reform Party Statement of Principles shall be a condition of continuing service as a Member of any Special Committee or Sub-Committee.

Section 4. Each Special Committee and Sub-Committee shall be subject to the Executive Committee, National Committee, the provisions of this Constitution, the provisions of the Bylaws and to the Resolutions and proper actions of the National Convention. Each Sub-Committee shall also be subject to its specific parent Committee.

Section 5. A Special Committee or Sub-committee meeting shall be called upon the action of the Special Committee’s or Sub-committee’s Chairperson or upon the action of one-fourth of a Special Committee’s or Sub-committee’s members such as is provided in this Constitution and such as may be provided in the Bylaws. A Special Committee or Sub-committee may conduct a vote by mail such as is provided in this Constitution and such as may be provided in the Bylaws. Each Special Committee or Sub-committee may adopt such rules of operation as the Special Committee or Sub-committee Members deem necessary to conduct Committee business.

Section 6. Each Special Committee shall report to the Executive Committee, the National Committee, and to the National Convention provided that the Special Committee, so reporting, is properly directed to do so. Each Sub-Committee shall report to its specific parent Committee.

ARTICLE VIII National Officer General Provisions

Section 1. The National Officers shall be the Chair, the Vice Chair, the Secretary, and the Treasurer. There may be a National Executive Director of the Party, who shall not be an Officer or Member of any Committee.

Section 2. The National Officers shall have the following responsibilities:

    1. The National Party Chair shall preside over meetings of the Executive Committee, National Committee and National Convention and act on behalf of the Party to carry out the resolutions of the Executive Committee, the National Committee and the National Convention subject to the provisions of this Constitution.
    2. The National Party Vice Chair shall assist the National Party Chair in the operation of the Party and serve as National Party Chair in the absence of the National Party Chair.
    3. The National Secretary shall: have custody of the official copy of this Constitution, the bylaws and any other rules adopted by the party; attend all meetings and record the proceedings of such meetings including, at a minimum, all actions taken by the Executive Committee, the National Committee and the National Convention; maintain the records (except financial) of the National Party; provide official notice of all meetings of the Executive Committee, the National Committee and the National Convention; perform other duties as may be assigned by the Executive Committee.
    4. The National Treasurer shall: have custody of the Party funds and shall keep full and accurate records thereof in books belonging to the Party; deposit all monies and other valuable effects to the name and to the credit of the Party in such depositories as may be designated by the Executive Committee; prepare and file required federal reports; disburse funds in accordance with the resolutions of the Executive Committee, the National Committee and the National Convention subject to the provisions of this Constitution; report on the financial status of the Party at each meeting of the Executive Committee, the National Committee and the National Convention.

Section 3. Each National Officers shall be elected by majority vote of the registered Delegates at the National Convention. Each National Officer shall be elected by written ballot. National Officers shall be Party Members but need not be National Committee Members or National Committee Delegates to be eligible for election as a National Officer. Nominations shall be accepted from the floor when made by any registered Delegate. National Officer elections shall be held in each odd numbered year.

Section 4. Each National Officer’s term of office shall be two years. Each National Officer’s term shall begin on the first day of January in each even numbered calendar year. No National Officer shall serve in the same National Office for more than three consecutive terms. No person shall serve as a National Officer for more than six consecutive terms.

Section 5. Affirmative support of the Reform Party Object, the Reform Party endorsed candidates for President and Vice President of the United States, the Reform Party national platform and the Reform Party Statement of Principles shall be a condition of continuing service as a National Officer.

Section 6. A National Officer may be removed by:

    1. a two-thirds roll call vote of the registered Members of the National Committee, or
    2. a majority vote of the registered Delegates of the National Convention.

Section 7. National Officer vacancies shall be filled by majority vote of the registered Delegates of the National Convention. National Officer vacancies may be temporally filled by majority vote of the registered Members of the National Committee. A person filling such vacancy must meet the qualifications for eligibility for election as a National Officer. Such a person, so elected, shall be seated until such time as the Office is filled by majority vote of the registered Delegates of the National Convention subject to the provisions of Section 3 of this Article.

Section 8. The Reform Party Chairperson shall be ex-officio a member of all Reform Party committees except the Nominations Committee.

Section 9. Each National Officer shall be subject to the proper directives and actions of the Executive Committee, the proper directives and actions of the National Committee, the provisions of this Constitution, the provisions of the Bylaws and the Resolutions and proper actions of the National Convention.

Section 10. Each National Officer shall report to the Executive Committee, the National Committee, and the National Convention.

Section 11. Upon resolution adopted by a majority of the registered Members of the National Committee authorizing the expenditure of such funds, the National Chair shall have the authority to name any Party Member to fill the position of National Executive Director upon confirmation by a majority vote of the Executive Committee.

    1. The National Executive Director shall not be a Party Officer or Member of any Committee and shall report directly to the National Chair.
    2. The National Executive Director shall be responsible, at the direction of the National Chair, for the day-to-day activities of the Party, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the bylaws, the Resolutions and actions of the National Convention, and the proper directives of the National Committee and the Executive Committee.
    3. The National Executive Director may be removed from the position by two-thirds vote of the Executive Committee.

ARTICLE IX State Party Organizations

Section 1. A State Party Organization shall be responsible for conducting all Reform Party state level business and affairs in its constituent state democratically and for providing for the successful operation of a major state political party which is in keeping with the Principles and Object of the Reform Party of the United States of America, the provisions of this Constitution and the provisions of the Bylaws. This major state political organization which is operated by the State Party Organization is not obligated to use the name of the national party.

Section 2. Recognition shall be granted to no more than one State Party Organization in each state or territory of the United States of America.

Section 3. A State Party Organization may be granted Official Recognition by a majority vote of the registered Delegates of the National Convention. A State Party Organization may be granted Provisional Recognition by a two-thirds vote of the registered Members of the National Committee.

Section 4. Official Recognition of a State Party Organization shall continue until such time as such recognition is removed. Provisional Recognition of a State Party Organization shall continue until such time as such recognition is removed or until the next National Convention.

Section 5. The conditions of continuing Official Recognition and the conditions of continuing Provisional Recognition shall be affirmative support of the Reform Party Object, the Reform Party endorsed candidates for President and Vice President of the United States and the Reform Party Statement of Principles.

Section 6. Removal or Suspension of Official Recognition of a State Party Organization and removal or expiration of Provisional Recognition of a State Party Organization shall be such that:

 

  • Official Recognition of a State Party Organization may be removed by a two-thirds vote of the registered Delegates of the National Convention.
  • Official Recognition of a State Party Organization may be suspended by a two-thirds vote of the registered Delegates of the National Convention. Such suspension shall not exceed a period of six calendar months. Such suspension shall be imposed by means of a Resolution of the National Convention. Such a Resolution shall:
  • specify the conditions under which the suspension shall be lifted,
  • specify the end date of the suspension time period,
  • specify the manner in which the fulfillment of such conditions shall be verified, and
  • shall be subject to the provisions of this Constitution and subject to the provisions of the Bylaws.
  • The votes of National Committee Members and the votes of Delegates who are Members of a State Party Organization which is so suspended shall not be counted.
  • A State Party Organization which is so suspended and which fails to fulfill the conditions to lift such suspension shall automatically and immediately forfeit its Official Recognition upon the end date of such suspension.
  • Provisional Recognition of a State Party Organization may be removed by majority vote of the registered Members of the National Committee.
  • Provisional recognition of a State Party Organization shall automatically and immediately expire upon adjournment of the session of the National Convention which follows the date such Provisional Recognition was granted.

 

Section 7. Each State Party Organization which has been granted Official Recognition or Provisional Recognition and each organization which requests Official Recognition or Provisional Recognition shall:

    1. provide the Executive Committee with true, current and complete copies of its Constitution, Bylaws and/or Rules and copies of all legally required state and federal reports.
    2. provide the Executive Committee with any such additional information the Executive Committee similarly requests of all State Party Organizations or organizations.
    3. pay dues, fees and assessments such as is provided in this Constitution and such as may be provided in the Bylaws.

Section 8. A State Party Organization which has been granted Official Recognition or Provisional Recognition shall be eligible to receive all the Delegate seats which are available to be allocated to the State Party Organization so recognized. A State Party Organization and the members of such State Party Organization so recognized shall be eligible to participate without restriction in the national affairs of the Reform Party including all sessions of the National Convention and all national committees subject to the provisions of this Constitution, subject to the provisions of the Bylaws and Section 6 of this Article except that:

    1. a Member of a State Party Organization which has been granted Provisional Recognition shall not be eligible to be elected as a National Officer.
    2. each Delegate or National Committee Member of a State Party Organization which has been granted Provisional Recognition shall not be entitled to vote on questions pertaining to Official Recognition or Provisional Recognition of his or her own State Party Organization.

Section 9. State Party Organizations shall be subject to the laws of the State in which the State Party Organization is organized, the provisions of this Constitution, the provisions of the Bylaws, the proper directives of the National Officers, the proper directives of the Executive Committee, the proper directives of the National Committee and the Resolutions and proper actions of the National Convention.

Section 10. A State Party Organization shall, as a condition of continuing recognition, have no less than one-fourth of its registered Delegates in attendance at each session of the National Convention. A State Party Organization shall allow none of its National Committee seats to remain vacant for more than sixty days from the effective date of a written resignation, removal from position or second absence from a National Committee Meeting if such absences have not been excused by the Executive Committee.

Section 11. Individual Reform Party Member participation rights shall be such that:

    1. In a state which has no State Party Organization such as is provided for in this Constitution, a person who identifies himself or herself as a Reform Party member shall have no Reform Party participatory rights except such rights as are accorded to any other citizen.
    2. In a state which has an Officially Recognized or Provisionally Recognized State Party Organization, a person who identifies himself or herself as a Reform Party Member but does not also identify himself or herself as a member of his or her state’s State Party Organization shall have no participatory rights except such rights as are accorded to any other citizen.
    3. Citizens of states which have no State Party Organization who express an interest in establishing a State Party Organization in their state shall be listed by the Executive Committee. Such a list shall be provided to other similarly interested citizens of such state upon the request of such citizens until such time as a State Party Organization is established in such state.

ARTICLE X General Provisions

Section 1. All financial reports and all budget reports, given or approved by any Reform Party Committee or any Reform Party Officer, shall be prepared in keeping with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles as are established by the Financial Standards and Accounting Board.

Section 2. No dues, fees, financial assessments, administrative fees, subscription fees or member fees shall be implemented or required which are not specifically provided for in this Constitution or the Bylaws.

Section 3. No Reform Party Officer shall be compensated for services rendered to the Reform Party except for reimbursement of legitimate personal expenses incurred in the performance of one’s official Reform Party duties.

Section 4. The minutes of all Reform Party meetings shall be available upon request.

Section 5. There shall be no proxy voting or voting by proxy.

Section 6. Definitions of certain words used in this Constitution shall be such that:

    1. The words “Party” and “Reform Party” shall mean the Reform Party of the United States of America.
    2. The words “Reform Party Member” and “Member” shall mean any person eligible to vote in the next election of the President of the United States who identifies himself or herself as a member of the recognized State Party Organization in his state of residence and meets such requirements as provided in the Rules of their State Party Organization.
    3. The words “State Party Organization” shall mean an organized body of citizens which has been granted Official Recognition or Provisional Recognition such as is provided in this Constitution and such as may be provided in the Bylaws. The recognized Party Organization in the District of Columbia shall also be identified as a “State Party Organization” with one (1) Congressional District. U.S. Territories and Possessions establishing Party Organizations shall each, upon recognition, also be identified as a “State Party Organization” with one National Committee Member and one Congressional District Delegate for a total of two National Convention Delegates.
    4. The words “mail”, “by mail” or “mailed to” shall mean delivery of a written document or documents via the First Class Mail service of the United States Postal Service or delivery of written documents via a delivery service that is as reliable or more reliable and that is as fast or faster than that of the First Class Mail service of the United States Postal Service.
    5. The words “vote by mail” shall include fax or other electronic means such as email provided the response can be reliably verified as originating from the qualified voting individual.
    6. The words “proper” or “properly” shall mean in keeping with all applicable provisions of this Constitution, in keeping with all applicable provisions of the Bylaws and in keeping with all applicable provisions of the rules of State Party Organizations.
    7. The word “meeting” shall also include teleconferences, video conferences, computer conferences or other electronic means allowing for direct interaction by the qualified participants and for which official minutes are taken or a transcript is made documenting the participants and any actions taken.

Section 7. No person shall hold any position provided for in this Constitution who is not a Member of a Recognized State Party Organization.

Section 8. Honorary titles or positions may be conferred upon individuals by Resolution of the National Convention.

Section 9. The publication and distribution of this Constitution and the Bylaws shall be such that:

    1. This Constitution and the Bylaws shall be published and distributed in writing in the format and type style herein indicated or in other such formats and type styles as may be provided by proper action of the Executive Committee.
    2. When distributed, the Bylaws shall be attached to this Constitution and this Constitution, the Bylaws and any amendments thereto shall be bound together in their entirety under a cover entitled “The Constitution and Bylaws of the Reform Party of the United States of America.”
    3. A title page and a table of contents for this Constitution and a title page and a table of contents for the Bylaws may be included under the cover entitled “The Constitution and Bylaws of the Reform Party of the United States of America.” Such title pages and such tables of contents shall not be deemed part of this Constitution and shall not be deemed part of the Bylaws. Such title pages shall indicate the effective dates of this Constitution, the Bylaws and any amendments thereto.
    4. The pages of this Constitution, the pages of the Bylaws and the pages of any amendments thereto may be numbered. Such page numbering shall not be deemed as part of the text of this Constitution, the Bylaws or any amendments thereto.
    5. Any amendments to this Constitution shall be attached to the final page of this Constitution and any amendments to the Bylaws shall be attached to the final page of the Bylaws until such time as the Executive Committee provides for the publication of this Constitution and/or the publication of the Bylaws as amended.
    6. There shall be no introductory information, preface, reader’s guide, letters by National Officers or any other such information pertaining to this Constitution and pertaining to the Bylaws distributed under the cover entitled “The Constitution and Bylaws of the Reform Party of the United States of America.”

Section 10. The provisions of this Constitution and the provisions of the Bylaws shall be deemed severable and separately enforceable. Should any Article, Section, sub-section or provision of this Constitution or of the Bylaws be invalidated or declared void, all other provisions of this Constitution and all other provisions of the Bylaws shall remain in full force and effect.

Section 11. The interpretation, meaning and effect to be given the provisions of this Constitution and to be given the provisions of the Bylaws shall not be inconsistent with federal law.

ARTICLE XI Bylaws

Section 1. There may be Reform Party Bylaws. The Bylaws shall be such that:

    1. The provisions of the Bylaws shall be subject to the provisions of this Constitution. In a case such that a provision or provisions of the Bylaws are in conflict with a provision or provisions of this Constitution, the provision or provisions of this Constitution shall prevail and the provision or provisions of the Bylaws which so conflict shall be deemed null and void.
    2. The Bylaws shall be consistent with the Principles and Object of the Reform Party and consistent with the provisions of this Constitution.
    3. The Bylaws shall have Articles and Sections which are similar in form, number, title and topic to the Articles and Sections of this Constitution. The Bylaws may contain additional Articles and additional Sections to address topics not addressed in this Constitution.

ARTICLE XII Parliamentary Authority

The rules contained in the current edition of Robert’s Rules of Order, Newly Revised shall govern this convention in all cases to which they are applicable and are not inconsistent with any Rules, Bylaws, Constitution or resolutions adopted by the National Convention or National Committee.

ARTICLE XIII Amendment

This Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote of the National Convention provided that thirty (30) days previous notice and a precise written copy of the motion to amend this Constitution, such motion may not be amended, is provided to each registered Delegate.